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Verification Using SystemC Part VIII

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Weighted Randomization
While a constraint specifies the range of legal values, a weight specification biases the random value generation process so that some values are generated more often than others.

Distributions are specified using the concept of a bag, which represents either a collection of weighted values or a collection of weighted ranges (i.e., a bag of pairs). A bag is similar to a set, except that it can contain duplicated elements.
Weighted randomization is done with class scv_bag. It contains following methods

  • remove() : This method removes one or all of the objects with the same value as the argument.
  • add() : This method adds one specified value to the bag.
  • push() : This method adds the specified number of objects with the specified value to the bag.
  • set_mode() : This method is used for assigning the bag to the data to be randomized.



 

"scv_bag variable" is used for creating range based weighted distribution.

Example : Weighted Randomization

   1 #include

   2

   3 enum packet_types_t { NORMAL, RUNT, OVERSIZE };

   4

   5 class packet {

   6 public:

   7   packet_types_t  ptype;

   8   sc_uint<48>     src;

   9   sc_uint<48>     dest;

  10   sc_uint<16>     length;

  11

  12 public:

  13   packet();

  14   packet(const packet & src);

  15   const packet & operator=(const packet & src);

  16   void dump(void) const;

  17 }; // class packet ..

  18

  19 // --------------------------------------------------------------

  20 // ENUM Extension

  21 SCV_ENUM_EXTENSIONS(packet_types_t) {

  22  public:

  23   SCV_ENUM_CTOR(packet_types_t) {

  24     SCV_ENUM(NORMAL);

  25     SCV_ENUM(RUNT);

  26     SCV_ENUM(OVERSIZE);

  27   };

  28 };

  29 // Packet Extension

  30 SCV_EXTENSIONS(packet) {

  31  public:

  32     scv_extensions ptype;

  33     scv_extensions< sc_uint<48> > src;

  34     scv_extensions< sc_uint<48> > dest;

  35     scv_extensions< sc_uint<16> > length;

  36

  37   SCV_EXTENSIONS_CTOR(packet) {

  38     SCV_FIELD(ptype);

  39     SCV_FIELD(src);

  40     SCV_FIELD(dest);

  41     SCV_FIELD(length);

  42   }

  43 };

  44

  45 // --------------------------------------------------------------

  46 // constructors & copy assignment

  47 packet::packet() {

  48   ptype = NORMAL;

  49 };

  50

  51 packet::packet(const packet & p) : ptype(p.ptype), src(p.src), dest(p.dest) { };

  52

  53 const packet & packet::operator=(const packet & p) {

  54   ptype  = p.ptype;

  55   length = p.length;

  56   src    = p.src;

  57   dest   = p.dest;

  58   return *this;

  59 }; // packet & operator=

  60

  61 // We could use print() (from the scv_extensions utility interface)

  62 // in place of this function.  However, the interest in this function

  63 // is not so much what it does, but to demonstrate how to access

  64 // functions within classes from higher levels in the program.

  65 void packet::dump(void) const {

  66   const scv_extensions p = scv_get_const_extensions(*this);

  67   cout << " " << length;

  68   cout << " " << src;

  69   cout << " " << dest;

  70   cout << " " << p.ptype.get_enum_string(p.ptype) << endl;

  71 }

  72

  73 // --------------------------------------------------------------

  74 // Normal Packet Constraint

  75 class normal_packet : virtual public scv_constraint_base {

  76 public:

  77   scv_smart_ptr sp;

  78 public:

  79   SCV_CONSTRAINT_CTOR(normal_packet) {

  80     SCV_CONSTRAINT(sp->src() <= 0x3FF);

  81     SCV_CONSTRAINT(sp->dest() <= 0x3FF);

  82     SCV_SOFT_CONSTRAINT(sp->src()  ! = sp->dest());

  83     SCV_CONSTRAINT(sp->ptype() == NORMAL);

  84     SCV_SOFT_CONSTRAINT(sp->length() >= 64 && sp->length() <= 1500);

  85   }

  86 };

  87 // Runt Packet Constraint

  88 class runt_packet : virtual public scv_constraint_base {

  89 public:

  90   scv_smart_ptr sp;

  91 public:

  92   SCV_CONSTRAINT_CTOR(runt_packet) {

  93     SCV_CONSTRAINT(sp->src() > 0x3FF && sp->src() <= 0x4FF);

  94     SCV_CONSTRAINT(sp->dest() > 0x3FF && sp->dest() <= 0x4FF);

  95     SCV_SOFT_CONSTRAINT(sp->src()  ! = sp->dest());

  96     SCV_CONSTRAINT(sp->ptype() == RUNT);

  97     SCV_SOFT_CONSTRAINT(sp->length() < 64 && sp->length() > 20);

  98   }

  99 };

 100

 101 // Runt Packet Constraint

 102 class oversize_packet : virtual public scv_constraint_base {

 103 public:

 104   scv_smart_ptr sp;

 105 public:

 106   SCV_CONSTRAINT_CTOR(oversize_packet) {

 107     SCV_CONSTRAINT(sp->src() > 0x4FF && sp->src() <= 0x5FF);

 108     SCV_CONSTRAINT(sp->dest() > 0x4FF && sp->dest() <= 0x5FF);

 109     SCV_SOFT_CONSTRAINT(sp->src()  ! = sp->dest());

 110     SCV_CONSTRAINT(sp->ptype() == OVERSIZE);

 111     SCV_SOFT_CONSTRAINT(sp->length() < 5000 && sp->length() > 1500);

 112   }

 113 };

 114

 115 // --------------------------------------------------------------

 116 int sc_main(int argc, char** argv) {

 117   // Set the Seed to 1

 118   scv_random::set_global_seed(2);

 119   scv_smart_ptr<int> type;

 120   oversize_packet op ("OVR_PKT");

 121   normal_packet   np ("NOR_PKT");

 122   runt_packet     rp ("RNT_PKT");

 123   scv_smart_ptr smart_p_ptr;

 124  

 125   scv_bag<int> dist;

 126   dist.add(0, 40); // specify 1 as legal value and 40% weight

 127   dist.add(1, 30); // specify 1 as legal value and 30% weight

 128   dist.add(2, 30); // specify 2 as legal value and 30% weight

 129   type->set_mode(dist); // set distribution of values

 130   for (int i = 0; i < 10; i ++) {

 131     type->next();

 132     //type->print();

 133     if (type->read() == 0) {

 134       smart_p_ptr->use_constraint(np.sp);

 135     } else if (type->read() == 1) {

 136       smart_p_ptr->use_constraint(rp.sp);

 137     } else if (type->read() == 2) {

 138       smart_p_ptr->use_constraint(op.sp);

 139     }

 140     smart_p_ptr->next();

 141     smart_p_ptr->read().dump();

 142   }

 143   // Demo the scv_bag pair syntax and usage

 144   scv_smart_ptr<int> data; // Some data

 145   scv_bagint, int> > field_dist;

 146     field_dist.add( pair<int,int>(0,10),  20);

 147     field_dist.add( pair<int,int>(11,20), 20);

 148     field_dist.add( pair<int,int>(61,80), 30);

 149     field_dist.add( pair<int,int>(81,90), 30);

 150   data->set_mode(field_dist);

 151   for (int i = 0; i < 10; i ++) {

 152     data->next();

 153     data->print();

 154   }

 155   return (0);

 156 }
Simulation Output : Weighted Randomization

  46   1084 1124 RUNT

  1389 519  206  NORMAL

  955  289  466  NORMAL

  748  1014 338  NORMAL

  3260 1388 1440 OVERSIZE

  435  224  432  NORMAL

  675  448  474  NORMAL

  48   1085 1087 RUNT

  56   1111 1074 RUNT

  49   1196 1211 RUNT

 19

 17

 11

 20

 84

 72

 74

 87

 89

 5

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